This book is intended to serve as a reference for practicing engineers and as a textbook for upper-division undergraduate or beginning graduate courses in hydraulic design. The text covers the hydraulic aspects of pipeline designs.
Chapter 1 is a review of basic concepts and equations of fluid flow related to design and analysis of pipelines.
Chapter 2 includes the concept of feasibility studies. The discussion addresses how decisions relating to the hydraulic design of the pipeline impact the economic analysis. Materials on pipe material, selection of pressure class of pipe, and the hydraulic design of the pipeline are included. Examples demonstrate selection of pipe diameter for gravity flow and pump systems.
Chapter 3 deals strictly with the hydraulic characteristics of centrifugal pumps and their proper selection and operation. Almost all texts discuss the internal workings of pumps and the homologous relationships. However, few reference books adequately describe the relationship between the pump and the system characteristics. Discussion and examples are given on selection of single pumps, pumps in series, and pumps in parallel. The discussion includes problems with starting, operating, and stopping pumps to avoid excessive transients. Cavitation in pumps is also addressed. The selection of control valves for a pipeline is a subject frequently overlooked and can result in serious cavitation and other operational problems. Chapter 4 describes various types of control valves, their hydraulic characteristics, and how they interact with operation of a system. The function of values, including energy dissipation, torque, cavitation, and transients, is included.